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What are the 6 types of hazards in the workplace?

7 min read

Workplace hazards

Written by Don Cameron, StaySafe

Workplace hazards faced by lone workers are numerous and arise on a daily basis. It is important for every employer to identify and mitigate all of the risks that their workers may face by carrying out a full risk assessment.

All types of hazards in the workplace, actual and potential, need to be identified. By doing so, you will be better prepared to eliminate them and prevent potential accidents and injuries.

What is a workplace hazard?

Hazards in the workplace occur when the working environment can cause injury, illness or death. The hazards can result from many of the different aspects of the working world, including equipment, dangerous materials, unsafe working practices and the behaviour of people.

For lone workers, hazards often present increased risk because they are less likely to have immediate support from colleagues. Our Knowledge Hub guides explore hazards for lone workers, including employees in housing, utilities, field services, local authorities, charities and health.

Types of Hazard

Workplace hazards fall into six core types – safety, biological, physical, ergonomic, chemical and workload.

1) Safety hazards

Safety hazards can affect any employee but these are more likely to affect those who work with machinery or on a construction site. Safety hazards include slips, trips and falls, operating dangerous machinery and electrical hazards. Those that work in the utility sector are more likely to be at risk of safety hazards. The HSE reports that in the UK between 2018 and 2019, 40 people were killed after falling from height at work, 30 were killed by a moving vehicle and 14 died after being in contact with dangerous machinery.

2) Biological hazards

Biological hazards are extremely dangerous. These include exposure to dangerous substances and diseases associated with working amongst animals, people, or infectious plant materials. Employees who work in hospitals, laboratories or various other outdoor occupations are at risk from biological hazards. Statistics taken from the HSE state that in 2017, there were 2,523 mesothelioma deaths due to past asbestos exposures.

3) Physical hazards

Physical hazards can affect those who work in extreme weather conditions or in harmful environments. Workers that are exposed to continuous loud noise, radiation, sun rays and ultraviolet rays could be at risk. Physical hazards most commonly affect individuals who work outside in the sun for long periods of time. There are an estimated 23,000 workers with work-related hearing problems, according to statistics taken from the HSE.

4) Ergonomic hazards

Ergonomic hazards affect individuals whose work puts a strain on their body. Manual roles that require lifting or sitting for long periods can cause damage over time. These hazards may not be noticeable at first which makes them much harder to identify. If your staff use improperly adjusted workstations or have poor posture when performing manual roles and heavy lifting, they may be at risk of injury. Of the 555,000 non-fatal injuries to workers in 2017/18, 21% were due to handling, lifting or carrying heavy objects according to statistics taken from the HSE.

5) Chemical hazards

Chemical hazards mainly threaten employees whose roles expose them to dangerous liquids, solvents or flammable gases. Individuals who are most likely to be affected are those working in cleaning facilities, engineers and employees in field based roles. Exposure to harmful chemicals can cause illness, skin irritation, breathing problems and, in extreme cases, death. Figures taken from the HSE show that between 2017 and 2018, there were 100 different incidents of carbon monoxide poisoning within Great Britain.

6) Workload hazards

Workload hazards include issues that could cause stress or strain, such as workload, violence or aggression. These hazards can be experienced in any job role. However, lone workers may struggle to voice concerns due to their isolated work environment. Information taken from the Labour Force Survey suggests that out of 1.4 million workers studied, at least 44% suffer with work related stress, depression or anxiety.


Dynamic risk assessments for UK workers

Employers can better protect their staff by making sure a dynamic risk assessment has been conducted and considering their lone worker policy as part of this. For lone working employees, several solutions have been developed that can help to minimise risk including apps that provide assistance in the event of an emergency.

Understanding risks and hazards

It is important for employers and employees to understand the issues surrounding risks and hazards at work. The topics to understand include:

For a broader perspective on how attitudes to safety have changed see also our article The History of Workplace Health and Safety

Is training important for dealing with workplace hazards?

Training is key to the ability of staff to identify and handle hazards in the workplace. Effective training can be broad in scope, but also needs to cover the right approach to the hazards encountered in specific work situations.

Essential parts of training cover:

  • developing an awareness of hazards and risks
  • the correct preparation, use and maintenance of equipment
  • the right procedures for reporting faults and problems
  • communicating with work colleagues, especially if working alone in hazardous situations
  • dealing with other people in the workplace, including the public

For more information, see our guide to implementing effective safety training.

The StaySafe lone working solution

StaySafe offers employers a simple and effective way to monitor the safety of their remote working staff. Comprised of an app and online hub, StaySafe provides employers with real-time updates on employee’s safety status and location while they work.

The app includes a man down feature which can alert monitoring services if an employee has not moved or checked-in for a prolonged period of time. If an employee feels threatened or under attack, they can also raise an alarm discreetly by using the phone’s power button.

When an alert is raised by a lone worker, chosen monitors, either within the organisation or via a professional monitoring station, will be alerted. This will allow them to verify the alert and dispatch the appropriate assistance to the employee.

Find out more information about our lone worker solution or request a free demo today.

To see how StaySafe can help you protect your lone workers, 24/7, wherever they are, book your free demo today.

Are you protecting your lone workers?

Our comprehensive guide covers everything you need to know about lone working. From identifying the lone workers in your organisation, to the risks they face in different environments, our lone worker guide will ensure you know how to keep your staff protected and meet your legal duty of care.

Explore our range of lone worker solutions

See StaySafe in action

Looking for more information on protecting your lone workers?

We have a range of expert resources and topical blogs to help keep your lone working staff safe.

Guide to Lone Working

A comprehensive lone worker guide for employers, managers and the self employed.

Lone Worker Risk Assessment
An extensive guide to risk assessments for employers or managers of lone workers.
Three Questions to Ask When Purchasing a Lone Working Solution
An informative guide outlining everything you need to know when considering purchasing a lone working solution.

Find out more about StaySafe solutions

Lone Worker App

Our intuitive app allows employees to check in safely following a lone working session and raise an alert in an emergency.

Cloud Based Monitoring Hub
Our hub uses GPS to accurately locate your lone workers and provides you with real-time updates on their movements.
Wearable Technology
Pairing the app with V.BTTN is a great solution for anyone working at height, with gloves or machinery, where pushing a button may be a more convenient way of using the StaySafe app.
Satellite Tracking Devices
Our satellite tracking devices are designed for those regularly travelling to remote areas where you can’t even get a mobile signal.
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